In a new NRS grant-funded study, researchers have found that ulcerative colitis, a type of digestive disorder, is two times more likely to be present in individuals with rosacea compared to those without rosacea.
Drs. Hester Gail Lim and Anna Chien at Johns Hopkins University Medical Center compared the incidence of gastrointestinal disease from the records of 1,104 individuals with rosacea from Johns Hopkins Hospital from 2013 to 2016 with a control group of 5,937 individuals without rosacea, adjusting for other factors including age, gender, ethnicity and smoking. The risk of gastrointestinal disease in general was not different between rosacea patients and those without rosacea.
Ulcerative colitis is a subtype of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and is characterized by a variety of symptoms, including diarrhea, bloody stools, weight loss, fever and abdominal pain. The condition is relapsing, with bouts of improvement and flares, and left untreated, severe forms may lead to life-threatening complications.
They wrote that there are complex reasons as to why individuals with rosacea are more likely to develop an IBD, or vice versa. The digestive tract, like the skin, is exposed to environmental factors, they noted, and the complex interplay between exposure and a person’s genetic risk is believed to cause changes in the immune system that may cause the immune system to mistakenly target both the gut in IBD and the skin in rosacea. This in turn may lead to both long-term on-and-off inflammation of the gut lining, particularly the colon, and recurring skin symptoms in those with rosacea. Antibiotics, which are often given to individuals with rosacea and have themselves been linked to digestive disorders in other studies, did not appear to affect the association between rosacea and gastrointestinal disease, they said.
The researchers noted that other medical studies have supported their findings on rosacea and IBD and have reported on different aspects of the relationship between the two disorders &emdash; for example, that the connection between rosacea and IBD is stronger in those under 30 years of age and in men1 and that the relationship is stronger when the individuals have IBD rather than rosacea initially.2
“Knowing more about these different digestive conditions and how they can be connected with a skin disease like rosacea has many advantages,” said Dr. Lim. “Perceived symptoms, even those unrelated to the skin, should be discussed with a dermatologist. People understand their condition better, and this increased awareness allows people to notice problems earlier, when they are easier to manage. While more knowledge is not necessarily the cure for a disease, it sheds light on the path towards one.”
1. Spoendlin, J, Karatas G, Furlano R, et al. Rosacea in patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease: a population-based case-control study. Inflamm Bowel Dis 2016;22(3):680-687.
2. Han J, Liu T, Zhang M, et al. The relationship between inflammatory bowel disease and rosacea over the lifespan: a meta-analysis. Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol 2019; 43:497-502.